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The General Asylum Procedure (AA)

Last updated: 2/6/2023, 1:19 PM

The General Asylum Procedure (AA) begins with the second interview with the Dutch Immigration and Naturalisation Service (IND). This is called the "detailed hearing". You will be invited to this detailed hearing when it is your turn. After that, the AA takes 6 to 9 days. During the AA, the IND determines whether you are entitled to asylum in the Netherlands. The IND can approve your asylum request, reject it or send it on to the Extended Asylum Procedure (VA). When the AA begins, you will sometimes be moved to a shelter closer to the IND office for the detailed hearing. For the detailed hearing, you will be taken to the IND office unless the distance is so short that you can walk.

The detailed interview

The detailed interview is the second interview with the IND. In this interview you can explain in detail why you fled and why you need protection in the Netherlands. The IND employee also asks questions during the interview and elaborates on your answers. The detailed interview is an important interview. Talk honestly, extensively and clearly about why you fled.

An interpreter is present at the interview. The interpreter does not work for the IND and is independent. The interpreter has no influence on the decision about your asylum application. The IND employee will ask you questions in Dutch. The interpreter will translate these questions into your language. 

Please note: Say immediately if the interpreter and you cannot understand each other well or if you notice that the interpreter translates something different from what you say. The IND will then arrange for another interpreter. It is very important that there are no misunderstandings because you do not understand the questions properly. 

Please note: You can be heard by an interpreter and IND employee of your own gender if you wish.

You need to know this before the detailed interview:

You discuss the detailed interview with your lawyer

  • After the detailed interview, you and your lawyer will discuss the report the Immigration and Naturalization Service (IND) made about the interview.

  • Tell your lawyer if information is missing or incorrect in the IND report. Your lawyer will then send a letter to the IND.

The IND makes an initial decision

The Immigration and Naturalization Service (IND) will make a decision about your asylum application based on the application interview, the detailed interview, your documents and other evidence, and the lawyerundefineds response. This is called an undefinedintended decisionundefined. There are 3 possibilities:

  1. The IND approves your asylum application: You will receive a letter from the IND stating that your application has been approved. You can then apply for a permanent residence permit. The residence permit can be revoked within five years, for example if your country of origin is safe again. Your residence permit can also be revoked if it turns out that you did not tell the truth during your asylum application.

  2. The IND intends to reject your asylum application: You receive a letter from the IND stating that the IND intends to reject your application for asylum. This letter is called an undefinedintention to rejectundefined. This letter contains the reasons for rejection and the consequences for you. What can you do? Take a look at this page.

  3. The IND needs more time for investigation and cannot decide on your asylum application within 6 or 9 days. The IND will continue processing your application in the Extended Asylum Procedure (VA).

Response to rejection

  • You discuss the letter containing the undefinedintention to rejectundefined from the Immigration and Naturalization Service (IND) with your lawyer.

  • Your lawyer has 1 day to respond to the INDundefineds intention with a letter. This letter is called the undefinedStandpointundefined. The IND must take the standpoint into account.

  • After reading the views, the IND decides whether to modify the intention.

The IND makes a final decision

  • You will receive a letter with the decision from the Immigration and Naturalization Service (IND). There are 3 possibilities:

  1. After reading the standpoint, the IND approves your asylum application after all. You will receive a letter from the IND stating that your asylum application has been approved. This letter also indicates whether you have status-a or status-b.

  2. The IND needs more time for investigation and cannot decide on your asylum application within 6 or 9 days. The IND will continue processing your application in the Extended Asylum Procedure (VA).

  3. The IND rejects your application: You will receive a letter from the IND stating that your application for asylum has been rejected. This letter is called the undefineddecisionundefined. The decision contains the reasons for rejection. The IND may have changed the reasons based on the lawyerundefineds standpoint. The lawyer will discuss the decision with you. 

What consequences does this have?

You can no longer stay in the Netherlands and must return to your country of origin. The Dutch Repatriation undefined Departure Service (DTundefinedV) will talk to you about your return.

Appealing the IND's decision