The IND makes a decision on your asylum application
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After the 2nd interview, the Immigration and Naturalisation Service (IND) will make a decision. The IND can approve or reject your asylum application, or the IND may need more time. Read more about the decision here.
The IND makes a 1st decision
The IND will make a 1st decision about your asylum application based on the interviews, your documents and other evidence. There are three possibilities: approve, reject or need more time.
The IND approves your asylum application
You get a letter saying your asylum application has been approved. You will receive an asylum residence permit. This is valid for 5 years from the date you applied for asylum.
After five years, you can apply for a permanent asylum residence permit.
The IND intends to reject your asylum application
You will receive a letter from the IND stating that the IND intends to reject your application for asylum. This letter is called a 'voornomen'. The letter contains the reasons for rejection and the consequences for you.
You discuss the IND's letter with your lawyer. Your lawyer has one day in the general asylum procedure to respond to the IND in a letter. This letter is called the 'zienswijze' (standpoint). The IND must take the lawyer's standpoint into account.
Based on the standpoint, the IND decides whether the 1st decision needs to be modified. The IND then makes a final decision. This is called a 'beschikking'. It is possible that the IND will still reject your asylum application. It is also possible that the IND will approve your asylum application after the standpoint.
Sometimes the IND needs more time after the lawyer's standpoint. The IND will then process your application in the Extended Asylum Procedure (VA).