Do you have questions about work and income in the Netherlands? These resources will help you on your way.
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Different types of leave
The currently approved translation is not correct, please review my translation: "On the website of the National Government, you can find an overview of all the types of leave you can apply for in the Netherlands if you have a job. Think about pregnancy leave, parental leave or care leave. ".
From the age of 21, employees are entitled to a minimum wage. These are gross amounts; taxes and premiums will be deducted. The wage per month depends on the working week, often in the Netherlands there are working weeks of 36, 38 or 40 hours. For more information on minimum wage, see the website of the Government of the Netherlands.
If your job is not located near you, you probably use a car or public transportation to get to work. Travel costs to and from work can be expensive. Your employer may offer you travel allowance. This is an allowance for the costs you make to get to work. Always ask about this when you sign a contract with a potential employer.
When traveling by personal transportation, carpooling or public transportation, an employer can provide tax-free coverage up to €0.19 per kilometer. If your employer gives more than 0.19 per kilometer, then everything above this 0.19 is considered as salary and is therefore taxed just like the rest of your salary. For this maximum allowance, it does not matter which method of transportation you use. When traveling by public transportation, the employer can also compensate the entire amount of your travel expenses.
If you use public transportation the employer can choose between providing tax-free compensation for:
The actual travel expenses you actually incurred (for example, the price of your train ticket); or
Number of kilometers traveled up to a maximum of €0.19 per kilometer.
Don't know how your employer covers the cost of public transportation? You can always read this in your contract or check with your employer.
Work and mandatory education until the age of 18
In the Netherlands, children between the ages of 5 and 16 are subject to compulsory education. This also applies to children of other nationalities and children of asylum seekers. If adolescents do not yet have a high school diploma, they are subject to compulsory education until they reach the age of 18.
If you are between the ages of 13 and 16, you may have a side job. These involve light jobs. For example, doing chores in the neighborhood, babysitting, filling shelves in the supermarket, picking fruits and vegetables or delivering advertising flyers.
When you turn 16 or 17, you can do almost any kind of job. With the exception of dangerous ones. For example, you may not work with harmful substances. In addition, the job must not stop you from going to school. There are some kinds of hazardous jobs that you are allowed to do, but only under expert supervision.
From the age of 18, you may perform all types of jobs. In many cases, however, you must possess the appropriate diplomas or certifcates.
Work in NL
If you are going to work and live in the Netherlands, there are a lot of arrangements to be made. On the website of work in NL there is a lot of information about this. The website also contains links to the right organisations to help you with any questions you may have. For other questions about your rights and obligations you can also visit the website of Work in NL. The website is available in Ukrainian and Russian.